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Survey shows that 35% of Chinese manufacturing jobs will be completed by machines in 2025

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Update time : 2020-01-17 01:54:05

The number of front-line employees at an elevator manufacturer has decreased significantly in recent years. Previously, the ratio of shop floor employees to office employees was 6: 4, but now it is 4: 6. This trend continues. The company plans to replace all basic work with machines and artificial intelligence, involving positions including maintenance employees, factory blueprint design, full-time report business staff, contract review teams, and local HR. Although the company claims to need to create a lot of digital and new technology-related jobs. However, according to the estimates of the human resources director, the increase and decrease ratio of corporate posts in the next five years is about 1: 5.

This is a case visited by the Asia-Pacific Workforce Effectiveness Institute in its Workforce Management Research Report. The robotic arms and automated production lines that can be seen everywhere in the production workshop are the epitome of the robots currently occupying the employment highlands with sweeping trends. From e-commerce warehouses to automobile factories, this situation is almost everywhere in manufacturing. The "China Robot Industry Development Report 2019" shows that China has become the world's largest industrial robot application market for six consecutive years.

It is exaggerated to think of humans and machines as a zero-sum game, but people's concerns are difficult to dispel: the large number of machines joining the labor force will stimulate the demand for digital talents, but as in the case, the overall labor demand Perhaps it is still on the decline.

The report supports this view. After more than 100 online quantitative questionnaires and more than 20 offline in-depth surveys, researchers predicted that the number of jobs required by China's manufacturing industry will reach about 150 million in 2025, an increase of about 23 from 2019. %; But 35% of these jobs will be completed by machines, and the labor force will be reduced by 20% compared to 2019.

Changes in the structure of the workforce are gradually emerging. The report points out that as the trend of smart manufacturing advances, labor-intensive and intelligent analytical labor will decrease significantly, but technology-intensive labor will increase significantly. The communication management labor force will also increase slightly.

The threat of automation spreading across assembly lines sounds discouraging. Author Linda Graton, author of "Change: Future Jobs Have Appeared," is hardly optimistic about future employment prospects. She said that the natural instinct of humans is to bury their heads in the sand, hoping that this will not happen. "We find long-term planning difficult, and it's even harder to make choices that are better for us in the long-term but difficult in the short-term."

But she still suggested that people in the workplace need to be aware of what new important skills might be and keep learning to acquire them. The three-stage (education, work, retirement) career is outdated. She noted that “it is wise to be visionary and ready to try” and suggested that health, networking and education be prioritized.

When artificial intelligence starts to move from the laboratory to a wider range of applications, replacing some human work and improving production efficiency is already the meaning of the problem. For a long time to come, artificial intelligence and digitization may bring more employment phenomena that humans currently do not understand, and spread from manufacturing to other industries. This is the challenge that modern workplace people need to face. Ariana Huffington, co-founder and editor-in-chief of the Huffington Post, discussed this issue with the view that "there is unlimited adaptability and unlimited flexibility." In times, the only way to prepare for the future is to "see change as the only constant."
https://www.infignos.com/templates/updatelistingnow.cfm?email=ryanlee901213@gmail.comShenzhen Kangda Precision Manufacturing Co.,Ltd.,Machining Manufacturer,Shenzhen,FL